Bologna Fiera District by Kenzo Tange

Fiera Bologna Kenzo Tange

Have you ever wandered through Bologna's Fiera District?
It's not just another part of the city – it's a blend of old and new that's pretty special.
Let's take a stroll through this fascinating area and uncover its story.

How the Story Begins: Tange Plan

Back in 1967, something big happened.

The population of Bologna was expected to grow up to almost 1 million and the idea was to preserve the medieval historical centre and create a new area for this development.

The Mayor of Bologna, Guido Fanti, met a famous architect from Japan named Kenzo Tange.

The collaboration between the two culminated in what would be famously known as the "Tange Plan."

This ambitious plan aimed to expand the city while honoring its cultural identity, with a keen emphasis on integrating iconic elements like towers and porticoes.

Fast forward to 1970, and the Tange Plan was officially presented to the City Council.
People were excited because it respected Bologna's past while planning for its future.

Around the same time, the Emilia-Romagna Region was officially formed, and the Fiera District became its home base.

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Kenzo Tanges' Towers

Fiera Bologna Kenzo Tange Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi's scuplture

Kenzo Tange's Towers

At the heart of Tange's vision were 7 towers.

The Japanese architect promoted modern Oriental ideas and proposed solutions for the natural growth of the northern part of the city.

He analyzed the functions needed, such as roads for pedestrians and vehicles, and connections to the rest of the city, aiming to ease congestion in the historic center and improve the urban layout.

Tange defined the plan of the towers, following precise proportional relationships, inspired by the principles of Le Corbusier's Modulor.

Each tower features 4 reinforced concrete cylinders positioned along the perimeter rather than the center. These cylinders house stairs, elevators, technical rooms, and toilets.
This design choice provides a spacious layout in line with Tange's design principles while also ensuring flexibility in the internal space.

Sustainability was also his priority: the height development of the towers minimizes land use. Tange paid a lot of attention also to orientations and solar shading.

To date, the towers of the Fiera District represent the tallest buildings prefabricated buildings made in Italy.

Fiera Bologna Kenzo Tange Zanuso

Assembly hall, designed by Marco Zanuso

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Bologna Fiera District

Beyond the Towers: Fiera District's Hidden Marvels

Among these architectural marvels, the tower at Viale Aldo Moro n. 50 holds a special significance. Here, within its walls, resides the Legislative Assembly of the Emilia-Romagna Region.

Designed by Marco Zanuso, the assembly hall is a symphony of form and function, with pear wood panels evoking a sense of unity and purpose.

Beyond its legislative chambers, the tower houses a treasure trove of contemporary art, showcasing the creative spirit of Emilia-Romagna.

While walking around the Fiera district you cannot jump into a monumental square adorned with a sculpture by another Japanese artist, Isamu Noguchi.

Visit Bologna Fiera District

As you wander through the Fiera District, you'll see how it's a mix of old and new, tradition and innovation.

It's a reminder that cities can grow and change while still holding onto what makes them special.

So, next time you're in Bologna, don't forget to visit the Fiera District – it's a journey through time you won't want to miss.

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